Many courses include an element of hands-on practical work, usually some sort of field work, that may be assessed as part of the final exams.

Geographical Skills are the special skills you need to learn in order to investigate the landscape and evaluate it in a scientific way. For example, you may need to determine the velocity of a river, find the cross-sectional profile of a stream, or discover whether an apparent relationship between soil type and crops is statistically significant or just a chance happening.

This page introduces some of the most commonly needed fieldwork and report writing skills.